Following an extensive study carried out by the Office of the High Representative at the
request of the Peace Implementation Council the coordinating structure of
the International Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina was "streamlined"
in 2002 so as to eliminate overlapping effort and responsibilities
and increase effectiveness. As part of this process a Board
of Principals was established, under the chairmanship of the High Representative,
to serve as the main coordinating body of International Community activity
in BiH. The Board of Principals meets once a week
in Sarajevo. Its permanent members are OHR, EUFOR, NATO HQ Sarajevo,
OSCE, UNHCR, EUPM and the European Commission. International
financial institutions such as the World Bank, the IMF and the UNDP are
also regular participants at the Board of Principals.
BoP Press Releases
The position of High Representative was created
under the General Framework Agreement for Peace in BiH (Dayton
Peace Agreement) of 14 December 1995 to oversee implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement.
In pursuit of his mandate, and at this stage in peace implementation,
the mission of the High Representative is to work with the people
of BiH and the international community. To ensure
that Bosnia and Herzegovina is a peaceful, viable state
on course to European integration.
has been entrusted with the mandate to ensure
the international protection of refugees and to seek solutions for
refugees. UNHCR, in line with the Dayton Peace Agreement, is
the lead agency with regard to the implementation of Annex 7; and
actively facilitates the return and reintegration of former BiH refugees and internally
displaced persons. UNHCR has been operationally based in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1991
and has a nationwide presence with 4 regional offices in Banja
Luka, Tuzla, Mostar and Sarajevo.
The launch of EUFOR-ALTHEA (EUFOR ),
the EU Force in BiH, marks the beginning of a new phase in BiH’s recovery,
its transition from the era of Dayton to the era of Brussels. The EU force
will work in unison with the EUSR/HR, the EUPM, the EUMM, and the European
Commission’s assistance programmes to support the Stabilisation and Association
process and the OHR’s Mission Implementation Plan.
The EU Force will reinforce the EU's comprehensive approach towards BiH,
and support BiH's progress towards EU integration by its own efforts. It will
have full authority to fulfil the role specified in Annexes 1A and 2 of the
Paris/Dayton Agreement and contribute to a safe and secure environment in BiH,
and it will deploy at the same force level and with similar resources as SFOR
on its departure, that is, with around 7,000 troops.
There is no end-date for the EU force, but the Council of the EU will review
the EU Force’s mandate by the end of 2005, in light of security and political
The NATO Alliance decided
to conclude SFOR’s successful operation in
Herzegovina (BiH), and welcomed the
readiness of the European Union to deploy a new and distinct U.N.-mandated
'Chapter Seven' mission in BiH, based on the Berlin-plus arrangements
agreed between our two organizations. However, NATO’s long-term political
commitment to BiH remains unchanged and
Sarajevo will constitute NATO’s military presence in the
The primary mission for NATO Headquarters
will be Defence
The NATO Headquarters Sarajevo will assist BiH to meet requirements for the
NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) program and eventually membership in the
NATO alliance. NATO
Headquarters Sarajevo will also undertake certain operational tasks,
including counter-terrorism whilst ensuring force protection, support to
the International Criminal Tribunal for the former
with regard to the detention of persons indicted for war crimes (PIFWCs)
and intelligence sharing with the EU.
Commission as the executive arm of the
embodies and upholds the general interest of the Union and acts as a
driving force in the integration process.
- It has the right to initiate draft legislation and therefore
presents legislative proposals to Parliament and the Council;
- As the Union's executive body, it is responsible for implementing
the European legislation (directives, regulations, decisions), budget
and programmes adopted by Parliament and the Council;
- It acts as guardian of the Treaties and, together with the Court of
Justice, ensures that Community law is properly applied;
- It represents the Union on the international stage and negotiates
international agreements, chiefly in the field of trade and cooperation.
- It is also responsible for managing the Community budget, under the
supervision of the Court of Auditors.
of the External Service, although hierarchically a part of the
Commission structure, in practice serve European Union interests as a
whole in 123 countries throughout the world, and at five centres of
international organisations (OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO):
- presenting, explaining and implementing EU policy; providing
background and updates on European integration and EU policies to host
governments and administrations, media, academia, business circles and
- analysing and reporting on the policies and developments of the
countries to which they are accredited ; and
- conducting negotiations in accordance with a given mandate.
Delegations also play an increasing role in the conduct of the
Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), providing regular political
analysis, conducting evaluations jointly with Member State Embassies and
contributing to the policy making process.
Delegations provide support and assistance as necessary to the other
institutions and actors of the EU, including :
- the High
Representative for CFSP/Secretary General of the EU Council, who
can rely on their logistical support when on mission and to whom all
their policy reports are copied;
Parliament, in that they help, for example, to arrange
programmes for and accompany visiting delegations and Committees where
necessary and - in agreement with Commission headquarters - Heads of
Delegation may contact the Foreign Affairs Committee and other
Committees of the Parliament, when they are back at headquarters, in
order to report on recent developments in their host countries and the
development of EU policy and programmes;
- the EU Presidency, with Heads of Delegation regularly taking part in
Troika démarches, and assisting the Presidency in other ways.
The Delegation of the European Commission to Bosnia and Herzegovina,
was established on 10 July 1996 following signature of the
Dayton/Paris Peace Agreement. In addition to the tasks mentioned before,
this Delegation plays a key role in the implementation of
assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina as it was the first
‘deconcentrated’ Delegation. Since 1998, it manages projects directly from
start to finish on behalf of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in
close contact with the
Co-Operation Office. Until 2001, in total more than € 2.2 billion
has been set aside for assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 2002, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the EC have
agreed on the
Strategy 2002 - 2006. € 195 million has been earmarked for the
first three years 2002 – 2004. EC assistance will focus on the following
- Democratic stabilization
- Administrative Capacity Building
- Economic and Social Development
- Environment and Natural Resources
- Justice and Home Affairs
Funding is now mainly provided through the
programme (successor to Phare and OBNOVA), which is supplemented
with Macro-financial assistance and financial support from other Community
Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights,
LIFE – Third
In concert with the EU Presidency, the Delegation takes the lead in
on-the-spot co-ordination of the implementation of all EU assistance,
multi-lateral and bi-lateral, to increase synergy and - not to be
forgotten - EU visibility.
Bosnia and Herzegovina joined the
World Bank in 1996 (with membership
retroactive to 1993). In the immediate post-war period (1996-1999), a wave
of emergency projects was prepared to help jump-start the reconstruction
effort, including transport, power, de-mining, housing, health, education,
public works, agriculture, and micro-credit sectors.
With most of the necessary basic reconstruction works completed, the
Bank in this second phase (1999 ? current) has shifted its efforts
towards fundamental structural reforms critical to the emergence of a
market based economy.
There are currently 20 active, and 23 implemented and closed projects
financed in BiH by the World Bank for a total of US$940 million. These
loans have been disbursed under standard IDA terms, repayable in 35 years,
including a 10-year grace period, without interests, and with a one
percent servicing fee.
As the primary instrument for early warning, conflict prevention,
crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation in Europe,
OSCE plays a major role
in fostering a stable, peaceful and democratic Bosnia and
Herzegovina. OSCE began operations in BiH under its GFAP (Dayton)
mandate on 18 December 1995. Its key areas of focus have been to:
- promote free, fair and democratic elections;
- promote development of democratic, participatory and self-sustaining
- institutions at all levels of government;
- monitor human rights and fundamental freedoms and support the
- development of sustainable human rights institutions;
- assist BiH to comply with its OSCE political-military commitments.
UNDP is the UN's
global development network, advocating for change and connecting countries
to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
We are on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own
solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop
local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of
The IMF is an international
organization of 184 member countries. It was established to promote
international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly
exchange arrangements; to foster economic growth and high levels of
employment; and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to
help ease balance of payments adjustment.
Since the IMF was established its
remained unchanged but its operations — which involve
assistance — have developed to meet the changing needs of its member
countries in an evolving world economy.